LOWER EXTREMITY NERVE EXAM – CHART

 

Movement Muscle Nerve Nerve root Sensory role

(of nerve)

Remarks
Hip flexion iliopsoas Femoral nerve L1/2/3    
Hip extension Gluteus maximus Inferior gluteal nerve L4/L5/S1    
Hip abduction Gluteus medius  and minimum Superior gluteal nerve L4/L5/S1    
Hip adduction Hip adductors (adductor longus) Obturator nerve L2/3/L4 Medial thigh (small area)  
Knee flexion Hamstrings Sciatic nerve L5/S1    
Knee extension Quadriceps femoris Femoral nerve L3/4 Medial thigh and leg Patient may walk backward (with extended knee), but not forward (patellar reflex)
Ankle dorsiflexion, inversion Tibialis anterior Deep peroneal L4/5 1st webspace Slapping gait of foot drop
Ankle plantarflexion Gastrocnemius Tibial nerve S1/S2 Posterolateral leg and foot/heel, plantar foot Can not stand on toes. (Achilles reflex)
Ankle eversion Peroneus longus and brevis Superficial peroneal nerve L5/S1 anterolateral leg, dorsal foot  
Toe extension EHL, EDLs Deep peroneal L5    
Toe flexion FHL, FDLs Tibial nerve S1    


Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s